Understanding the objectives of a training Plan is of paramount importance. Indeed, a person should prepare himself or herself for achieving specific objectives when starting training. Training should be structured and focused. The goal of a training Plan is to improve one’s physical fitness, skill, and movement, which inevitably optimizes your daily performance, body composition, and health.
Training is undertaken over a long period of time and involves several physiological and psychological elements to fulfil demanding tasks and movements. During this period, training is progressively and individually graded.
The Major Objectives of a Training Plan
As mentioned above, through structured and focused training plans and programmes one can improve and reach a high level of performance, health and body composition. The development of specific attributes, in other words, the objectives of a training Plan, correlated with the execution of various tasks throughout a training Plan are as follows.
Multilateral Physical Improvement or General Fitness
Specific attributes such as endurance, strength, speed, flexibility, coordination, reaction, and mobility are the multilateral development of a training program which are the basic biomotor abilities in the human body. These elements are the foundation for one’s physical health.
Sport-specific Physical Development
Sport-specific physical fitness is the development of physiological characteristics that are specific to a particular sport. Some specific fitness components are more emphasised in sport-specific physical development than multilateral or general physical improvement. That emphasis is, indeed, the difference between the two.
For example, a football player needs to focus more on improving muscular endurance and speed, whereas, an Olympic lifter needs to focus on developing maximum strength rather than muscular endurance.
One of the objectives of a training plan is to improve technical skills, which differ from sport to sport. The ability to improve technical skills is based on both sport-specific and multilateral physical development. For example, the skills required in sports such as basketball are different from cricket.
Things like competition, confidence, fear, and laziness, to name a few, that are related to psychological factors are illusions in a deep sense. However, if one doesn’t have a good understanding of oneself, psychological preparation can be also one of the objectives of a training plan to optimize physical performance. For example, some may make advantage of so-called personality development and psychological traits such as discipline, confidence, courage, and tenacity for better performance and results.
Health maintenance is one of the objectives of a training plan that should be given top priority. Regular medical check-ups, balance in physical components, appropriate scheduling of training sessions, programmes and recovery, good nutrition, analysing of movement patterns, and good mental health are of particular importance in the training and coaching processes. All these prevent injuries and illness and prompt health and performance.
Generally speaking, injury in training happens when one is performing something that is beyond his or her physical, and mental capacities, as well as practical knowledge and understanding of the movement. For this reason, to minimize the potential for injury and improve performance in training is to develop the physical capabilities and physiological characteristics required to participate in rigorous training. Additionally, better planning, good nutrition, enough recovery, and optimal movement are crucial for decreasing the potential for injury.
Acquiring Knowledge and a practical understanding of things related to training is one of the important objectives of a training plan. A person should know why, how and when he should perform a specific exercise or movement. Such understanding and practical knowledge play crucial roles in maximizing the benefits of a training plan. Besides the exercise aspects of a training plan, one should also have a big picture of proper eating, good movement, and how the mind affects one’s health and performance.
By looking for some good and reliable resources about nutrition, movement, exercise and training, as well as being conscious enough of the body and mind, one can gain practical knowledge and practical understanding.